There’s no debate about the power of storytelling. Stories persuade and inspire. They paint a compelling picture in the mind’s eye. They bring complex data to life. They build trust and understanding between storyteller and listener.
The need for better business storytelling comes up in nearly every sales conversation we have with clients and prospects.
In the classroom, most learners agree that stories are useful tools, but most of them also believe they’re not very good at storytelling.
So, if everyone sees the benefit of stories, why aren’t we confident about telling them? My answer to that is simple. We’ve been led to believe that storytelling is complex and that only creative people can master the art of it. For example, we’ve been told that every story needs a hero, a villain, supporting characters, conflict, rising action, and a climax.
All of that can be confusing and daunting. While it’s necessary for fiction authors, playwrights, and screenwriters, those traditional storytelling elements are not necessary for business people.
Let me tell you a story… (names and details changed to protect identities)
A Story About Storytelling
Several months ago, my colleague, Dale Ludwig, and I were leading a communication workshop to help experienced trainers be more effective in the classroom. The client was a major healthcare alliance in the Midwest. During a dry run, one of the attendees, Carol, was struggling through some dull change management content. She was having a tough time making the content interesting and relevant to an audience of senior leaders at the organization.
What was surprising about this is that Carol comes across as an incredible trainer. When she walks into a room, people notice. It’s not just her fiery red hair. She has an air of confidence that few have. When she speaks, people listen. In the training room, she’s usually a force to be reckoned with, but with this content, she struggled.
As Carol worked through her content, Dale video recorded her. When she was done, she walked across the hall with me to review her video. As the video played, it became clear to me what the problem was. I stopped the video and said, “I think you’re missing an opportunity to paint a picture with a story.”
Before the words were out of my mouth, Carol interrupted and said, “I can’t tell stories. I’ve tried, believe me, I’ve tried. I’ve read the books. I took a class on it. It’s all too complicated. I even hired a consultant friend of mine to help me. I kept trying and failing, and eventually, I gave up.”
As she spoke, it was clear that I had touched a nerve with her. Her gestures grew, and so did her facial expressions. Her speaking pace quickened, and her volume raised.
“And then… and then, that consultant friend somehow convinced me to tell a story during a training session. I practiced the story a lot before I told it in front of a group. Finally, the big day came. As I got into the story, I stumbled and got all tangled up in the details. I felt really stupid, and I remember the learners just sitting there with puzzled looks on their faces. It was awful. I’ve never tried since. It’s all just too complicated. I can’t tell stories.”
“But you just did,” I said. “You just told me an emotional and compelling story about not being able to tell stories.”
Carol fell back into her chair. “Huh,” she said. “Well, what do you know?”
The point of my story is that we tell stories all the time. We may not think of them as stories, but they are. We complain about the traffic and that driver on his phone. We share what the kids are up to and who we ran into at the grocery store.
The only difference between those stories and stories told in a business setting is intent. Business stories are more than small talk; they are crafted and told with a goal in mind.
The goal of my story about Carol was that I believe everyone can tell stories. We just don’t realize it because we do it all the time. We’re like fish who don’t see the water we’re in.
So, What Does This Mean for Business Storytellers?
It means that you need a new way of thinking about the stories you tell. You need to let go of the complexities of protagonists and antagonists—of rising action, climax, and denouement—and replace them with something much simpler.
This is how we define story for business purposes:
The first part of the definition simply involves a shift in time and place, something that happened in the past or something that might happen in the future.
The second part of this definition points to the difference between everyday stories among friends and stories told for business purposes. These stories exist within conversations already taking place and are told with intent. Salespeople tell stories during sales meetings to close the sale. A manager tells a story about how the new process will make life easier for her direct reports. Tenured employees tell stories to new hires during onboarding to help them understand how work gets done. CEOs tell visionary stories that are intended to paint a picture of the ideal future. No matter what a business story is about, it should be told to reach a specific goal.
Three Steps for Crafting a Compelling Business Story
What follows is an example of how we recommend crafting a good story. The left column contains instructions. In the right column, I deconstruct my story about Carol so that you can see how this works.
Set Your Goal
What are you trying to achieve with this story?
|To explain that everyone can and does tell stories.|
Identify the Raw Material
These elements are the facts of the story and are made up of the five Ws.
|What (the event)
Shape the Story
These elements provide commentary and texture to the story. These elements can be dialed up or down, summarized or elaborated on during the telling of the story. Including these elements can make the telling of the story more compelling, persuasive, and memorable.
As you craft your business stories, think about how to make each story come to life by dialing up or down the various elements. When telling the story, make the elements in the story feel real and relevant. Be concise but not so brief that the story doesn’t come to life.
I tell Carol’s story often during our workshops, and it’s never the same twice. However, one time I left out the detail about her fiery red hair. The story didn’t have the same impact, so that element was put back in. There’s something about that image that brings the story to life.
Make the Story Feel like a Relevant Part of the Conversation
Business stories are always part of a larger conversation. They don’t live on their own. They need to be brought into the conversation taking place in an organic way. To do that, use a lead-in phrase such as
- That reminds me of a time…
- It’s like that time…
- Imagine, if you will…
- Something similar happened to me…
- Several years ago…
- Let me explain…
When you’re finished with your story, it’s important to bring it home and emphasize its relevance to the listener. Use phrases such as
- The reason I wanted to tell you this story…
- My point is that…
- The gist of this story is that…
- This is important because…
To wrap things up, don’t be afraid of telling stories. You tell stories all the time. What’s important in the business setting is that you tell your stories with intent and make them relevant to the conversation taking place.
Remember to check our resource page for regular educational posts on topics like this and more.